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EU revises Russia oil ban to give Hungary more time

EU revises Russia oil ban to give Hungary more time

3 min. 06.05.2022
The Czech Republic would also be granted an exemption until June 2024
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban
Photo credit: AFP

The European Union has proposed a revision to its Russia oil sanctions ban that would give Hungary and Slovakia an extra year, until the end of 2024, to comply, according to people familiar with the matter.

The Czech Republic would also be granted an exemption until June 2024, the people said. All other member states would phase out their imports by the end of this year as originally proposed, with imports of crude halting in six months and refined petroleum products in eight months.

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban said earlier Friday that he opposed the EU’s original proposal to ban Russian oil, saying it was tantamount to a “nuclear bomb” being dropped on his country’s economy. He said he wanted a five-year exemption on an oil ban after the EU originally proposed giving the country one extra year.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen told an audience in Germany on Friday that finding unity on oil sanctions isn’t easy and may take “some days,” but added she is confident that a deal will be reached. EU diplomats are meeting Friday to discuss the revised proposals and negotiations could stretch into the weekend, one person said.

Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic are heavily reliant on Russian oil, but they account for a relatively small portion of the EU’s overall imports from Moscow. The three countries would not be allowed to sell the supplies they import to others, under the proposed plans. The Czech exemption may be cut short if work on the Transalpine Pipeline is operational in time.

The revised proposal is currently being scrutinized by European governments. Slovak Deputy Economy Minister Karol Galek said Friday that his country continues to “insist on 3 years exemption.” He added, “Negotiations continue.”

Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala said Friday, “The proposal is in the right direction but we are still amid constructive talks with our EU partners. I don’t want to pre-empt the final version but I believe in a good solution.” 

Hungary has been biggest obstacle to a deal, with Orban warning the oil ban push risks fracturing the EU’s unity over Ukraine. “If the commission insists on the adoption of its proposal, it will have to bear full responsibility for a historical failure in the court of European integration,” he wrote Thursday in a letter to von der Leyen.

The proposed ban on Russian oil wouldn’t affect purchases that originate in other countries and transit through Russia as long as they don’t lead to sanctions being circumvented, the people said.  

Under the EU’s plan, European companies and individuals would also be banned from providing vessels and services, such as insurance, needed to transport oil to third countries. With the revision, that measure would now kick in within three months of the new sanctions being adopted, up from one month, the people said. Greece and Cyprus had raised questions about the original proposals, arguing the measure would benefit non-EU firms and damage European companies.

The EU is also proposing to cut three more Russian banks off the international payments system SWIFT, including Russia’s largest lender Sberbank, restrict Russian entities and individuals from purchasing property in the EU, ban providing consulting services to Russian companies, and trade in a number of chemicals.

The EU also gears up to sanction Alina Kabaeva, a former Olympic gymnast who is “closely associated” with Vladimir Putin, according to an EU document, and Patriarch Kirill, who heads the Russian Orthodox Church and has been a vocal supporter of the Russian president and the war in Ukraine.

Sanctions for  dozens of military personnel, including those deemed responsible for reported war crimes in Bucha, as well as companies providing equipment, supplies and services to the Russian armed forces are also considered.

©2022 Bloomberg L.P.

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