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Did you know that about the communal elections?
Luxembourg

Did you know that about the communal elections?

5 min. 07.10.2017 From our online archive
With the communal elections set to take place on Sunday, Luxemburger Wort put together a list of facts and figures about the electoral system in the Grand-Duchy.

With the communal elections set to take place on Sunday, Luxemburger Wort put together a list of facts and figures about the electoral system in the Grand-Duchy.

Voters

  • Everyone entitled to vote must cast their vote. 
  • Voters older than 75 don't need to go the the polling stations, but must vote by mail instead.
  • Voters not exercising their right risk getting a fine between €100 and €250 for a first offence.

Cast a vote

  • To vote for a candidate, voters must draw either an x ​​or a + besides the name on the ballot.
  • In the case of communities with proportional representation, one candidate can also receive two votes. 
  • There is also the option of blacking the circle above the list, or adding an x ​​or +. This gives each candidate on the list one vote.

Ballots

  • A ballot is considered invalid in the following cases: if too many crosses have been made, if no vote has been given or when the document has been altered, when an item or papers have been deposited in the ballot or when the voter has made himself or herself recognisable. 

Voting by mail

  • 20.753 voters have already cast their vote by mail

Opening hours

  • Polling stations will be open from 8am to 2pm.

Mayor no more

  •  19 existing mayor are no longer running for office

Conseil communal 

  • The council consists of the mayor and the counsellors. 
  • The number of members depends on the number of inhabitants. 
  • It varies between seven and 27.

Longest-serving mayor in Luxembourg

  • Armand Mayer has been mayor for 42 years. Initially mayor of Wilwerwiltz, he became bourgmestre of Kiischpelt after Wilwerwiltz merged with Kautenbach to become Kiischpelt.
  • Luxembourg's most senior mayor will soon retire.

Family members as candidates

  • In many municipalities several members of a family have submitted their candidacies.While this is allowed in Luxembourg, if two relatives of the first or second degree are elected, only one of the two may hold an office. The second candidate must withdraw.

Gender ratio of candidates

  • Of the 3.575 candidates, 64.35 percent are men and 35.64 percent are women.

Non-Luxemburgers

  • A total of 286.683 voters are called upon to cast their votes, including 34.726 non-Luxembourgers who have registered
  • As far as the candidates are concerned, 3.307 Luxembourg nationals will compete alongside 268 foreign-born fellow citizens. 

Logistics behind polling stations

  • In the electoral offices of the municipalities with less than 15.000 inhabitants, a president, a secretary and four "Assesseurs" (assessors) will be on duty tomorrow.
  • In the case of a population of more than 15.000, the electoral business is headed by a president, a secretary, an assistant secretary and six assistants.

Conflict of interest

  • Some professions are incompatible with running for office at the municipal council. Ministers, secretaries of state, state officials, soldiers, policemen, magistrates, judges, prosecutors cannot runf for office in communal elections.
  •  Also, teachers cannot be part of the municipal council in the municipality where they teach.
  • Moreover, people receiving a salary from a municipal administration cannot hold a public function in the council of that municipality. 

Youngest candidates

  • The youngest candidates in the communal elections are 18 years old.

Candidate eligibility

  • In order to be a candidate, one must enjoy the full rights as a citizen. 
  • In addition, candidates must be over 18 years old and have had resident status in the relevant municipality for at least six months. 
  • Foreigners must have lived in the Grand Duchy for at least five years. 

Lists

  • 196 lists have been submitted in 46 proportional constituencies.
  • The CSV enters the race in all 46 municipalities, followed by the LSAP  with 44 and the DP with 42.
  • The "Déi Gréng" party has a representative in 34 municipalities, while the ADR in ten, followed by "Déi Lénk" in eight.
  • The Pirate Party has submitted six lists, while the Communist party (KPL) has submitted five. 
  • The "Déi Conservative" party is only running in Petingen. 

Majority

  • In municipalities with less than 3.000 inhabitants, the majority is chosen according to the procedure of the relative majority. 
  • There are no party lists, but there are individual candidates to choose from
  • If the population number is higher than 3.000, the ratio is selected according to the proportional system.
  • In this case, party lists will be available, which is the case for the first time in Bissen, Clervaux and Troisvierges.

Special cases

  • In Bech, Feulen and Winseler, residents don't need to go to the polls on Sunday. While in Feulen and Winseler there are as many candidates as there are mandates, in Bech there are not enough candidates.

Frequency

  • According to the electoral law, communal elections take place on the second Sunday of October, every six years.

Vallée de l'Ernz 

  • The Commune of Vallée de l'Ernz, which emerged in 2012, has an interesting feature. It is divided into two parts - Ermsdorf and Medernach, but in the former only five candidates are to be elected.

Municipal mergers

  • Three mergers are being planned - Habscht (merging Hobscheid and Septfontaines), Helperknapp (merging Tuntange and Boevange-sur-Attert ) and Rosport-Mompach (merging Rosport and Mompach). 

Referendum question for Kopstal

  • In Kopstal, citizens will not only elect a new local council, but will also participate in a referendum on whether the municipality should belong to the central electoral district or the district serving the south of the country.

Election results in 2011

  • In the last election, the first official results came out at 14:41. 
  • However, these were the results of those municipalities in which there was no actual choice because there were fewer or as many candidates as mandates. 
  • At 15:56, Waldbredimus was the first to announce the results after the vote count. 
  • A total of 263.068 voters were called to cast their votes.

(Wort Staff)