Luxembourg-born Jules Hoffmann wins Nobel Prize
The 2011 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine has gone to Luxembourg-born Jules Hoffmann,and Bruce Beutler and who share it with Ralph Steinman for having revolutionised our understanding of the immune system by discovering key principles for its activation.
An excerpt from the award ceremony stated, "Bruce Beutler and Jules Hoffmann discovered receptor proteins that can recognise such micro-organisms and activate innate immunity, the first step in the body's immune response. Ralph Steinman discovered the dendritic cells of the immune system and their unique capacity to activate and regulate adaptive immunity, the later stage of the immune response during which microorganisms are cleared from the body."
Jules Hoffmann who was born in Luxembourg, began his career being interested steroid hormones on development and reproduction of insects. He then initiated a series of critical studies of the Drosophila (fruit fly).
President of the French Academy of Sciences in 2007 and 2008, Jules Hoffmann is also a member of the Academies of Sciences in the United States, Germany and Russia. He has received numerous prestigious awards including recently. The Rosenstiel Award for Immunity (2010), the Prix Keyo of Medicine (2011), 2011 Gairdner Award in Medical Sciences, and the 2011 Shaw Prize in Life Sciences and Medicine. Jules Hoffmann is also Chevalier of the Legion of Honour.