Statec report reveals socio-economic inequalities across Luxembourg
A new Statec report presenting a detailed analysis of Luxembourg's communes, reveals significant social and economic inequalities across the country.
Out of the 15 best ranking communes in the Grand Duchy, six are located around Luxembourg City, four are part of the Grevenmacher region, while three belong to the canton of Capellen and two other municipalities lie in the area of Esch-sur-Alzette.
According to the report, the metropolitan area surrounding Luxembourg City acts as a national economic engine and plays a key role in the geographical distribution of socio-economic inequalities.
Luxembourg's statistics office argues that a socio-economic analysis of each commune is necessary and serves to help authorities define future economic and social policies, rather than stigmatise lower-ranking communes.
As part of a reform implemented by the Ministry of Interior in 2016, the report is a pre-requisite in establishing how the total budget is allocated across the country to match the needs of each commune.
Social minimum wage
The percentage of people living on the social minimum wage varies between 0.5 per cent in the commune of Heffingen and 8.5 per cent in Wiltz.
While a higher amount of people receive the social minimum wage in the north of Luxembourg as opposed to the southern region, a number of communes are an exception, scoring relatively high, including Luxembourg City, the communes along the German border, as well as certain communes in the cantons of Echternach, Mersch and Redange.
The national average is 3.6 per cent.
The Statec report also argues that unemployment in Luxembourg varies by geographic location. In 2015, 2.6 per cent of people were unemployed in the Besch commune, as opposed to 13.2 per cent in Esch-sur-Alzette.
Based on the latest data, the highest number of residents seeking employment live either in or around Luxembourg's largest municipalities.
Luxembourg's capital, along with Esch-sur-Alzette, Differdange, Dudelange, Petange, Ettelbruch, Diekirch, Wiltz or Echternach have an unemployment rate above 6.9 per cent.
The median salary in Luxembourg ranges from €2,592 in Reisdrof to as high as €4,821 in Niederanven.
In general, median salaries are higher in the north and centre of Luxembourg, as opposed to the southern regions.
Median salaries are particularly high in the metropolitan area surrounding Luxembourg City.
On the other end of the spectrum, parts of the so-called Nordstad, the lower area of the the Ernz valley as well as the communes of Wiltz, Vianden, Beaufort and Ecternach recorded the lowest median wages in the Grand Duchy.
The former mining centre located in the south and southwest of Luxembourg also scored low with regards to median wages.
The proportion of people working in low-skilled jobs ranges from 6.4 per cent in Weiler-la-Tour to 31.6 per cent in Vianden, with a significant number of employees living primarily in the north and centre of Luxembourg.
Communes such as Echternach, Larochette, Reisdorf, Ettelbruck , Vianden or Wiltz recorded exceptionally high scores.
With a national average of eight per cent, as of 2011, the amount of single-parent households varies significantly across the Grand Duchy.
With 4.1 per cent recorded, Saeul has the lowest amount of single-parent households in the country, whereas Heffingen leads the ranking with 10.5 per cent of such households.
Most single-parent households are concentrated in the north and centre of Luxembourg, with the south of Luxembourg scoring fairly low percentages.
When it comes to Luxembourg City, between 6.4 percent and 7.5 of households consist of single parents.
Read the report in French on www.statec.lu.
(Roxana Mironescu, firstname.lastname@example.org, +352 49 93 748)